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Bankable projects

SMILEGOV clusters are evaluating the progress of sustainable energy projects which were identified,  regarding the technology used, the level of maturity, the exact barrier / problem and the administrative levels involved. More than 50 bankable projects benefit from the assistance of the SMILEGOV clusters to overcome barriers and get all the technical expertise and experience of advanced islands to progress in an effective realisation. Monitoring is periodically carried out by clusters leaders, to ensure progress and to propose corrective measures if necessary.

Sustainable Mobility
Location Title Description Barriers to overcome Involved levels of governance

Cluster of Greece

Lesvos, Lemnos, Milos, Santorini, Kythnos

Promotion of Electrical Vehicles The project consists of the creation of electric mobility opportunities in five (5) islands of the Aegean Sea. It has two components; the first is the installation of charging stations by the Distribution Network Operator (HEDNO) while the second is the triggering of the end-use demand. Non-technical issues regarding regulatory framework and creation of the market shall be resolved.

The regulatory framework for charging stations is under development. The approach proposed by the Regulatory Authority of Energy may be dysfunctional.

· The characteristics of the charging stations’ installation areas are still unclear.

· The market is obviously not there.

National Regulatory Authority for Energy – Policy Maker

· Distribution Network Operator – Owner of the grid

· DAFNI – Project promoter

· Municipalities – Owners of the space

Cluster of Denmark


Electricity for transport

Samsø has a positive production of renewable electricity. Infrastructure concerning charging for and organization of car sharing is investigated. The sustainable transport project is a cooperation between the local association of EV-owners, the national postal service, the municipality and private stakeholders. There are planned feasibility studies and business models investigating how to organize public-private ownership/partnership.

· Coordination with the charger infrastructure

· Cooperation of many private partners and citizens/possible participants in a car sharing model together with the municipality

· Organizational and financing barriers

· Association of EV-owners – Participate in the business model, Project promoter

· Municipality – Planning and establishing the chargers

· Samsø Energy Academy – Project promoter



Energy Efficiency

Location Title Description Barriers to overcome Involved levels of governance

Cluster of Cyprus



Multiple local authorities

Efficient Street Lighting This project concerns the replacement of approximately 63,000 existing lighting fixtures (HPS) at the street lighting network of Cyprus with new higher energy efficiency fixtures. The project covers the district of 20 local authorities already committed to overcome the EU energy objectives since 2020. The project is expected to experiment for the first time in Cyprus, the green public procurement for the selection of an Energy Service Company (ESCO).

· The lack of finance as a result of the general Cyprus financial crisis

· The strict public procurement rules

· The ownership of the street lighting fixtures

· The police requirements regarding the level of luminance in streets

· The absence of previous experience on Energy Performance Contracting

· Ministry of Energy, Commerce, Industry and Tourism – Policy maker

· Ministry of Interior – Financing

· Treasury of Cyprus – Public procurements

· Cyprus Police – Policy control

· Electricity Authority of Cyprus – Energy producer

· Cyprus Distribution System Operator – Grid operator

Cluster of Malta

Malta's Faculty for the Built Environment

LifeMedGreenRoof The LifeMedGreenRoof project will construct two demonstration green roofs as case-studies demonstrating the benefits of green roofs for meeting energy and biodiversity targets. The project aims to determine the climatic conditions, the types of plants that could be grown, weight loads and drainage requirements. The project will also demonstrate that green roof technology is safe, reduces energy consumption and reduces the risk of flooding.

· Effective participation by the target groups

· Public perception of the concept

· European Union – Funding (Life+)

· Maltese state – Co-financing

· Malta Competition and Consumer Affairs Authority – Policy maker

· University of Malta – Project coordinator

· Fondazione Minoprio (Italy) – Training consultant

· MAC Minoprio Analisi e Certificazioni S.r.l. (Italy) – Scientific consultant



Renewable energy production

Location Title Description Barriers to overcome Involved levels of governance

Cluster of CPMR


Isle of Man

Biomass heating applications The Isle of Man’s Department of Environment, Food and Agriculture (DEFA) owns a coniferous plantation estate with excess amounts of standing biomass. Since 2010 DEFA has been producing wood chip fuel and covers the heating demand of several public buildings. A review of the policy aims at investing in several new biomass heating installations in the commercial and residential sectors.

· The quality of the fuel produced resolution.

· The consumers’ preference for gas. The use of price incentives to promote biomass is considered.

· The delivery arrangements. The involvement of stakeholders from outset can help.

· Tree disease which can be a serious threat to supply chain

· DEFA Officer Level – Drafting Policy

· Political level (Council of Ministers) – Approving policy

· Project development team – Overcome barriers and implement

Cluster of Sweden



Biogas production and distribution infrastructures Establishment of additional biogas production unit along with extensive infrastructure of gas pipelines to exploit the significant biomass potential on Gotland. The biogas network will connect the different future biogas plants to smooth out the production; will transfer gas to the main consumer, the city of Visby and will enable the installation of additional filling stations for vehicles.

· The formation of a market that will use the new biogas infrastructures. For the biogas producers a growing market of biogas users is vital for further investments.

· The state policy for cleaner transportation needs to be outspoken and established for long period.

· Other types of fuels make the market unsure to invest in.

· Region Gotland – Regional planning and

vision making

· Arla (Diary products producer) – End user of raw biogas for production facility

· Swedish state – Overall planning for future fuels

Cluster of Estonia


Off-shore wind farm The installation of up to 200 wind generators with total capacity of 700 – 1100 MW is planned at the shallows of the Apollo and Vinkov in the Baltic Sea. The annual energy production of the wind farm is estimated around 3000 GWh. The wind farm will be interconnected to the mainland through a submarine electric cable which will be built in parallel with the wind farm.

· Strong opposition by some local interest groups.

· Local uncertainty about environmental impact on landscape and bird wild life.

· High initial investment.

· Lack of co-financing resource in the local community for participating in the project.

· Investor – Leader of the project

· Local level – Planning process and involving local capital

· NGOs – Lobbying, Know-how sharing

· Estonian state – Supervisor

Cluster of ESIN

Nagu, Finland

Biogas plant Developing a biogas plant in Nagu which will substitute oil imports used in tractors and heating. The primary source is planned to be fish remains, offal, compost and garbage at hand. Reeds could also be harvested to supplement the anaerobic digestion, while crops could be grown on land that is unsuitable for other purposes. Nagu municipality was merged into Pargas town two years ago and Pargas is about to be merged with Kimito. The state of Finland cannot force municipalities to merge, but offers special subsidies to municipalities who do. Waiting for a merger – and for subsidies - holds up investments for a while.

Nagu local community – Project promoter

· Pargas town/local authority – Project owner

· Pargas and Kimito municipalities on the brink of a merger – Supporter / Financing

· Finnish state – Subsidies / Financing

Cluster of Spain


Desalination with wind Gran Tarajal is a village in the south of Fuerteventura where rainfall scarcity represents a handicap for the development of its main economic activity, which is agriculture. The project consists of providing the needed water for irrigation through a desalination plant connected to a wind turbine. It will include technical and economic feasibility studies, paperwork and approvals.

The high environmental protection around Gran Tarajal which complicates the installation of any infrastructure in this area.

· The incertitude about the recently changed Spanish energy regulation and the new retributions for electricity generation coming from renewables.

· The difficult to reach an agreement among different users of the water generated regarding future management, operation and maintenance of the whole system.

Insular Water Consortium (Cabildo of Fuerteventura) – Owner of part of the installation / Promoter

· Las Palmas Ports – Owner of possible wind turbine site

· The Regional Government – Responsible of authorizations and execution

· The Farmers Associations – Water management

Cluster of Portugal and Cape Verde


Reversible Hydro Power Plant

The project aims to the installation of a reversible hydro power plant, including water storage and water pumping to accumulate excess wind energy during the night.

The hydro power plant capacity is 30 MW and the pump station is 17,7 MW. The water storage capacity is 1.021.000 m3 in the upper dam and 70.540 m3 in the pumping station reservoir.

Financing sources

· Project complexity in terms of engineering and environmental integration

· Complexity to plan safe storage solutions in limited territory and rough relief

· Project location and environmental issues

· Integration with existing facilities

· Lack of experience with similar projects

· National Laboratory of Civil Engineering – Approval of dam project

· Regional Government – Authorizations on environment and energy production

· Municipalities – Authorizations of the construction

· Regional public utility (EEM) – Promoter

· Energy agency (AREAM) – Studies and grant application

Cluster of UK-Scotland


Garmony, Isle of Mull, Argyll

Garmony Hydro Scheme

Garmony Hydro is a new community owned and operated run of river scheme using a 400kw vertical shaft, 4 input pelton type turbine, expected to generate over 1100Mwh p.a. Mull and Iona Community Trust (MICT) has raised over £450,000 of investment for the £1,240,000 project. Coming on stream in 2015, net profits will be distributed as grants to local organisations. · The main barrier is the financing of the project. The land is leased but capital was required for construction. Grants would negate Feed in Tariff payments, which make the scheme viable. Banks were unwilling to lend whole amount without security. A new company (Green Energy Mull - GEM) was formed, operating as an IPS to raise at least 30% of required investment and negotiate loans with 2 niche banks.

· Scottish Government – Supportive policies

· Mull and Iona Community Trust – Project promoter

· Community Energy Scotland – Project supporter

· Green Energy Mull – Project owner