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Good practices of functioning MLG

The following sustainable energy projects, developed in the islands, are identified as good practice of functioning multi-level governance and are used as inspiration for the Smilegov capacity building activities. Seven of the identified island projects are distinguished as the lighthouse good practices while seven more complete the list. Below you can find a short description on each project while in a factsheet containing further information on project results and lessons learned as well as contact details for any further information is available through a link at the end of each project description.

The lighthouse good practices


The "boosta” project, Kalmar, Öland, Sweden

The regional administrative board of Kalmar has the task of coordinator of the municipalities energy - and climate change progress on behalf of the Swedish Energy Agency. In late 2011, they took the initiative to check all the municipalities’ strategies to find common priority areas. As a result, Kalmar started the “boosta”project in 2012 together with the Regional energy office within three areas, non-travel meetings (webmeetings), energy efficiency in public buildings and commuting travel. The project is ongoing.

Read the factsheet

Electrical Vehicles on SamsøSamsø, Denmark

Samsø –the energy island in the middle of Denmark - has come up with a new vision in 2011 to become a

Fossil Free Island by 2030. Samsø Municipality has approved the vision and one of the objectives is to reach a share of 50% EVs for the island’s fleet by 2020.

Read the factsheet

Swimming pool heating – Syros, Greece

A large portion of the Greek islands are non-interconnected to the mainland electricity network but powered by local power plants with installed diesel generators producing a significant amount of heat which is usually rejected to the sea. However, in Syros Island the Municipality managed to reach agreement with the power company to exploit the rejected heat in order to heat the neighbouring municipal swimming pool for free.

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Wind–Pumped Hydro Power Station – El Hierro, Spain

The island of El Hierro, Canary Islands, is implementing a hybrid hydroelectric and wind plant to meet its energy needs using renewable sources. Working together, the two technologies will help create reliable, efficient and stable power supply for the 10.960 persons residing on

the island. The system designed for El Hierro will cover about 80% of the island's total annual energy demand.

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Integrated mobility master plan – Nicosia, Cyprus

The Integrated Mobility Master Plan (IMMP) is a Turning Point for Transport Policy. The Government of Cyprus and the Local Authorities have the ambition to ameliorate the traffic situation, by increasing the share of Public Transport, Cycling and Walking and at the same time upgrading and completing the road network. The share of Public Transport Trips must be above 10% by the year 2020. In order to achieve these ambitious goals a sustained effort must be made to implement a series of measures.

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Locally produced biogas as transport fuel – Gotland, Sweden

The former Municipality of Gotland, now Region Gotland, decided to have biogas buses in the city of Visby when a new procurement for the entire public transportation had to be executed. The procurement also included the possibility to move over to biogas buses on the countryside later during the contract period.

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Community Energy Scotland – Scotland, UK

Community Energy Scotland (CES) is a key organization for many island communities motivated to address local energy matters in Scotland. CES has both defined and developed the concepts of ‘community energy’ and local benefit in Scotland. A wide variety of community led renewable energy projects are operating on Scotland's islands which have been implemented with CES support, with others at every stage of development.

Read the factsheet



Other good practices

Reduce energy consumption in municipal buildings, region Gotland, Sweden.

To reach an even lower level of energy consumption and to be able to phase out the last oil-powered heating, an EPC-project (Energy Performance Contracting) started in 2011. The goal for the project is to implement all viable actions to reduce the energy consumption before 2015. During the procurement process, an energy service company was contracted to analyze buildings, perform actions and guarantee the savings.

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Change of all street lightening with energy efficient bulbs, Gozo, Malta.

Change of all Gozo street lightening with energy efficient bulbs, a project with example of good multilevel cooperation between the Ministry for Energy and Conservation of Water, Enemalta, Transport Malta, Local Councils’ Association and 14 Local Councils in Gozo. Read more

Vision for the Fossil Free Island by 2030, Samsø, Denmark.

Samsø - the Energy island in the middle of Denmark - has a vision for the Fossil Free island by 2030. One objective is 50% EVs by 2020. There is an excellent cooperation on Samsø between the Municipality, the Energy Academy, local voluntary action groups and the local community in general. The project also receives attention, support from the Region, the State as well as internationally partners, and is one of good examples of multilevel governance.

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Financing scheme for efficiency on street lighting, Madeira and Santo Porto, Portugal.

Street lighting represents 10% of electricity demand in Madeira and 7% in Porto Santo and has a high potential for action to improve energy efficiency.

Street lighting is managed by municipalities, which are organised in an association of municipalities. They are interested in reducing street lighting costs but do not have the financing capacity, because of high debt and crisis restrictions. The solution was to involve regional and municipal actors to discuss the problem.

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Wind turbine in Westray Island, Orkney, Scotland, UK.

Westray is an island in the Orkney archipelago in the north of Scotland. 60% of the 600 population suffered from Fuel Poverty (having to spend over 10% of their income to heat their homes). In 1998, concerns about depopulation and declining employment resulted in the establishment of Westray Development Trust. The Trust identified that a wind turbine could generate a viable income, as was being demonstrated by other Scottish communities.

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Centre for Renewable Energy Sources (CRES) functioning as the Intermediary Management Organization of the “Save Program", Greece.

The Centre for Renewable Energy Sources (CRES) functions as the Intermediary Management Organization (IMO) of the “Save Program” for the monitoring of the program and the support of the potential beneficiaries. The specific program finances (70% state fund, 30% municipal budget) proposals for the enhancement of energy efficiency in municipal installations, focusing on the buildings stock and the public spaces but also the public transports kai facilities through the application of technical measures and raising awareness actions among the citizens.

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The Tram of wider Lefkosia Region, Cyprus.

Targeting the enhance of the public transportation in Lefkosia Region and the efficient management of the traffic congestion, 10 urban Municipalities and the Ministry of Communication and works, Department of Public works, cooperates for the designing and the implementation of the ambitious project “Tram of Lefkosia”. There are no rail tracks existing at the moment in Cyprus and the success of this pioneer project depends on the successful multilevel governance cooperation between local authorities and central government administrations.

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